Skunk’s diet can change from one season to another, as they sleep during the day and only go out to forage for food after dark. Their diet can include berries and nuts, leaves, roots, grass, moles, eggs, birds, bees, snakes, frogs, lizards, insects and small rodents. But, don’t be surprised to see them going after pet food and even garbage.
Over the course of its life, a male skunk will mate with several females. The male also separates from the female after mating and their breeding season stretches between February and March. A pregnant female skunk gives birth to a litter of four to eight baby skunks following a gestation period that lasts just over two months. During the first six weeks of their lives, the young completely depend on their mother as they are hairless, deaf and blind. When they reach one year, they separate from their mother and move on to survive independently.
Skunks can easily detect the presence of predators like badgers, wolves, foxes, great horned owls and dogs as they are very sensitive to sounds and smells. Skunks prefer to make a quiet getaway from danger if possible. If trapped or chased, they will give off a warning signal by turning and arching their back, raising their tail high, stomping their feet and making a hissing noise. If this doesn’t dissuade the predator, the skunk will spray them with a yellowish, oily fluid from its anal scent glands in self-defense.
You can actively see skunks in the garden before dawn or after dusk in the summer. Unlike many other animals, they do not completely hibernate in the winter. When it’s extremely cold, they can live inside their burrows for continued periods. They are typically solitary creatures and don’t share burrows, with the exception of finding warmth in extreme cold or mating.
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