5 Types of North American SquirrelsWhether you live in a rural setting or urban community, squirrels are a common mammal. Although these rodents are small, regardless of the type, they can cause trouble. Get to know the varieties in the area so you can identify what you are dealing with.
- Red squirrel – The smallest North American squirrel only weighs about 200 to 250 grams with a body length of 18-20 centimeters and a tail 10-15 cm. They prefer conifer tree seeds. Their coats come in many shades, from a grey-brown to rusty red. They generally have a white ring around their eyes.
- Fox squirrel – Brown-grey, brown-yellow or brown-orange fur highlights these larger rodents that can have a body of up to 70 cms. They can weigh up to a kilo. They prefer forests with oak, walnut and hickory trees.
- Eastern gray squirrels – These squirrels are generally gray but do have color variations. They have a body length of up to 30 cm, with the tail often as long as the body. An adult can weigh between 400 to 600 g. These squirrels are the most common in Ontario.
- Black squirrels – All black squirrels are a mutation of the gray squirrel. Brown-black squirrels have one mutant gene and one normal gene that determines the color of the fur.
- Western gray squirrel – The Western gray squirrel is usually found on the west coast of the North American continent. These tree squirrels can weigh up to 1 kg, with a body length of 50 cm. These squirrels prefer to live in trees. They come to the ground to forage and are shy around humans.